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Akro Agate Articles

The Akro Agate Glass Company

AkroHeaderlg     The Akro Agate Company was famous for their production of glass marbles, which is where the name "aggies" came from. They worked hard to establish their unique niche in glass history. The company was incorporated in Clarksburg, West Virginia in 1914. They began their production with glass marbles and developed their distinctive colors by working with them. Later, the company expanded to produce specialty items like ashtrays, vases, powder jars, and children's dishes. By the 1930s Akro Agate was using the unique opaque marbleized colors developed for marbles to produce these other products. The company remained in business until 1951. Most Akro items are marked with a crow (A-kro), with marbles in it's beak and claws. If you are collecting Akro Agate there are several good books on the subject that you may want to add to your library. The references include The Collectors Encyclopedia of Akro Agate Glassware by Gene Florence  and The Complete Line of The Akro Agate Company by Roger and Claudia Hardy.


Akro Agate Children's Dishes
AkroBoxedSetLarge     Akro Agate produced a very large line of children's playtime dish sets. These sets came in opaque and transparent colors. Opaque pieces could be solid color or marbleized. Marbleized and transparent sets were all sold with the same color pieces. Solid color pieces were often mixed to produce multicolored sets with bright pretty colors that would appeal to a child. Each boxed set came with a number and a color printed on the side flap of the box lid. Most pieces in the children's sets are marked with the symbol of a crow with marbles in its claws on the bottom or back of the piece. Some patterns were made in two sizes--large and small. Large-size sets (only slightly larger) sugars were sold with lids and sometimes came with soup bowls which are missing in the small-size sets. Small-size sets were sometimes boxed with a pitcher and tumblers. Large-size sets were not sold with pitchers and tumblers. Akro Agate sets are highly collectible in today's antique marketplace. Sets with original boxes are prized by collectors. More information about patterns, colors and pieces is available below. Also, see the flipbook here for a convenient format to learn more.


Akro Agate Concentric Ring / Concentric Rib - (1930s) (Opaque White, Opaque Cream, Opaque Turquoise, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Blue Marble, Opaque Purple, Transparent Cobalt)
      Sets of Concentric Ring children's dishes came in both large and small sizes. The sets were always boxed with Stacked Disc and Interior Panel teapots, sugars and creamers. Concentric Ring has fine horizontal lines which run around the outside of cups, and on the inside, or top of bowls, dinner plates, and saucers. This set came in multicolored opaque sets, and transparent cobalt blue. Concentric Ring is always well made. Akro Agate made another pattern (one of their less expensive lines of Akro Children's Dishes), called Concentric Rib. There is very little difference between the sets with exception of quality. Concentric Rib sets usually came in less vibrant colors and were boxed with Stacked Disc teapots, sugars, and creamers (these pieces are lacking interior panels).

Akro Agate Interior Panel - (1940s) (Opaque White, Opaque Cream, Opaque Turquoise, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Blue Marble, Opaque Red Marble Opaque Cobalt, Lemonade and Oxblood, Transparent Cobalt - Large-size only, Transparent Green, Transparent Amber)    
     Interior Panel pieces have panels on the top of the plates and inside of the cups, sugars, creamers, teapots, lids, pitchers and tumblers. Like many other patterns, Interior Panel was offered in two sizes. The large set sometimes came with a soup bowl. Small sugars did not have lids, but the ones in the large sets were covered. There is only a fraction of difference in the sizes but it is enough to distinguish one set from another. Some pieces of Interior Panel have tiny crisscross marks bordering edges. Akro collectors refer to this as Stippled Interior Panel.

Akro Agate Miss America - (White Milk Glass, White Milk Glass with Decals, Forest Green, Orange Marbleized, Ruby) (1940s)
AkroMissAmericaCupSaucer    Akro Agate's Miss America pattern was produced in the early to Mid 1940s. Miss America is one of the scarcest children's dishes sets that the Akro Agate Company produced. Most pieces of this pattern are considered RARE. The boxes had cellophane inserts in the tops so that you could see the tea set without removing it from the box. Boxed sets were sold in several different configurations. The 8 piece box held only four cups and saucers. The 11 piece sets included 2 dinners, 2 cup and saucer sets, a creamer, sugar and lid, and a teapot and lid. The 17 piece set had everything included in the 11 piece set, with the addition of 2 extra dinners, and 2 extra cups and saucers. Ruby Miss America pieces are seldom seen and were probably experimental.

Akro Agate Octagonal -- (Opaque White, Opaque Cream, Opaque Mustard, Opaque Pink, Opaque Turquoise, Opaque Blues, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Cobalt, Lemonade and Oxblood) (1931-1936) Colors)
     One of the most common sets of Akro Agate found today is the opaque green and white Octagonal large-size set. Multicolored sets are not as easy to find, but can be found with diligent searching. Pumpkin cups are desirable in both small and large sizes. Large-size sets included lids on the sugar bowls and a flat soup that the small-size set did not have. Pitchers and tumblers were sold separately in boxed sets and were sometimes included in the small-size Octagonal boxed sets. The most sought after Octagonal set is the Lemonade and Oxblood. It is difficult to find and the color fascinates collectors. It has only been found in large-size and is sowhat unusual since the sugar bowl was not sold with a lid. Both large and small sets of Octagonal come with open handled and closed handled cups, teapots, sugars and creamers. Collectors have named the open handled sets "Octagonal O."


Akro Agate Raised Daisy - 1940s (Opaque Green, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Blue)
     Raised Daisy children's dishes were produced by the Akro Agate Company. This pattern is easily identified by a series of 3 daisies on the center of most pieces. Flat pieces have a series of small daisies in a circular pattern around the rim. Raised Daisy only comes in the smaller of the two sizes of Akro Children's Dishes. Raised Daisy is usually found in opaque yellow, green, and blue. There have been no reported pieces found in transparent colors. Blue cups and saucers are rare. Finding a complete blue set is a collector's dream.

Akro Agate Stacked Disc - (1932-1939) (Opaque White, Opaque Mustard, Opaque Pink, Opaque Turquoise, Opaque Blues, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green
     Stacked Disc sets are all small in size. The sugar has no lid and there are no bowls found in this pattern. Pieces in Stacked Disc look almost the same as the Stacked Disc and Panel on the outside but they do not quite have the quality of the more intricate pattern. The Stacked Disc pattern has a series of evenly spaced wide horizontal ridges (or lines), but the pattern lacks the interior panel (vertical lines) that Stacked Disc and Panel has. All Stacked Disc pieces are smooth inside. Opaque green is the most common color found in Stacked Disc. This set was one of Akro Agate's more reasonably priced sets so colors were limited. The least common color found in Stacked Disc is Pumpkin. Stacked Disc Teapots, sugars, and creamers were used with Concentric Rib sets.

Akro Agate Stacked Disc and Interior Panel - (1940s) (Opaque White, Opaque Cream, Opaque Turquoise, Opaque Light Blues, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Blue Marble, Opaque Cobalt,Transparent Cobalt, Transparent Green)
     Stacked Disc and Interior Panel was one of Akro Agate's most popular patterns. This pattern came in both a large and small size. Large cups measure 1 3/8" high, while small cups are only 1 1/4" high. Setting side by side the small pieces are easy to tell from larger ones, but it takes an experienced collector to tell the difference when finding items out by themselves. Stacked Disc and Interior Panel can be found in Opaque Green, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Blue, Opaque White (saucers and plates, only), Pumpkin, Transparent Green, and Transparent Blue (Cobalt). Transparent colors came boxed in one color only. Boxed Opaque sets were sold in a mixture of bright pretty colors, and sometimes in one solid color. This pattern is easily identified by the round horizontal panels on the outside, or backside of saucers, and plates and on the inside of cups, teapots, soup bowls and tumblers. There are also vertical panels on the inside of all the pieces.

Akro Agate Stippled Band - (1940s) (Transparent Green, Transparent Amber, Transparent Cobalt)
      A small band of raised dots on the exterior surface of each piece is characteristic of the Stippled Band pattern. The sets are only found in transparent colors in both large and small sizes. Small-size sets have not been found in cobalt. The sugar in the small-size set does not have a lid. Various combinations of boxed sets may be found. The pattern includes a water set that consists of a pitcher and six tumblers. Occasionally "Interior Panel pieces may be found with stippling. These sets are generally collected and priced as if they were the "Interior Panel" pattern.

The Akro Agate Crow Embossed Mark
     The Akro Agate Company usually used an embossed trademark on the bottom of their pieces. This symbol was a crow (A-kro),with with marbles in it's beak and claws. Glass knives, lamps and candlesticks were not marked. Also, items produced under contract for other companies usually did not have this embossed mark.


Akro Agate Powder Jars

Akro Agate Apple Powder Jar - (1940s)


    Akro Apple powder jars are one of the items that the Akro Agate was most noted for. These adorable little jars can are very hard to find, but can obtained in many of Akro's opaque solid colors. The marbleized jars are so scarce that adding one to your collection may be impossible. The jar was sold to "Landers Distributors" of New York. These jars can be found with and without a notches on the inner rims. According to Hardy, the crystal notched jars were made by The Clarksburg Glass Company. It is true that at least some of the crystal ones were made there, but all of the colored ones were supposed to have been made by The Akro Agate Company. Since some colored jars have been found with notches, some of the crystal ones found may have been made by Akro as well. Either way, crystal jars are common and are not worth worth a great deal on the secondary market.


Akro Agate Colonial Lady Powder Jar - (1940s)

       Akro Agate produced the No.647 Colonial Lady Powder Jar. It was made for "Lander Distributors", who sold her filled with dusting powder. This lovely lady is a favorite among powder jar collectors. There are two styles of the Colonial Lady powder jar. The one shown at the left has a raised line around the top area of the skirt. This is the jar that is most often seen. The earlier jar is missing this raised area at the top of the skirt. We have owned one of these jars in blue and one in the pumpkin color. The easiest colored jar to find is the powder blue jar. Other blue jars are not quite as easily found. The blue colored powder jars came in so many shades that that you may want to add more than one to your collection White milk glass, and opaque pink are also fairly easy to find. Other colors are not as easily found. Marbleized colors are rare.



Akro Agate #760 Concentric Ring Powder Jars - (1940s)(Blue Marbleized, Green Marbleized, Orange Marbleized, Brown Marbleized, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Blue, Transparent Blue (lidless jar only))
     The Akro Agate Company designed and made many sizes and shapes of powder jars. This powder jar was called Concentric Ring. It was made in both solid and marbleized colors. The solid colors are the more difficult to find. These jars came with and without lids. The version that was lidless has a plain smooth band around the top which is lacking on the lidded version. It is thought that perhaps the jar without a glass lid was sold with a cardboard or cellophane lid that held the product in place. We have found quite a few of the jars in our 40+ years of buying and selling collectible glassware and we have never seen one of the lidless ones intact with its contents. Perhaps the powder jar bottom was redesigned and was sold to be used for something other than powder. Perhaps it could have been intended as a pin tray.

#323 Akro Agate Ivy Powder Jars - (1940s)(Green Marbleized, Orange Marbleized, Blue, Some Opaque Colors, crystal
     "Darby Cosmetics" of New York is the company that used this lovely powder jar to distribute its products. This lovely jar is most often found in marbleized colors. Bottoms are often found being sold as planters or vases. It is easily told from similar shaped vases by the embossed Ivy design around the top edge of the bottom. The lid also has the Ivy design. The Ivy powder jar has been found in some solid colors but it is rarely found.




Akro Agate Jean Vivaudou Co. Powder Jar - (1940s)
    Akro Agate had a large line of products that they produced exclusively for the Jean Vivaudou Company of New York. Most pieces will be marked with the J.V.Co. Inc. backstamp. An exception to this rule is the powder puff box shown at the left.





Akro Agate Jean Vivaudou Mortar and Pestle Powder Box - (1930s)
    Akro Agate produced this adorable little scent box for the Jean Vivaudou Company. The boxes came filled with potpourri, which is a mixture of dried flower petals, leaves, and spices that were used to make a room smell good. After the potpourri was used the box could be refilled, or used as a powder or trinket box. These adorable little boxes / jars have been found in opaque marbleized colors which are extremely scarce, and also in black and various shades of opaque blue.




Akro Agate Pickwick Cosmetic's Mexicali Powder / Cigarette Jar - (1940s)
    The Mexicali powder or cigarette jars are among collector favorites. The jar was made for the Pickwick Cosmetic Corporation of New York. They came in both marbleized and solid colors. This jars features an embossed Mexican man in a sombrero on the front of the jar. He is leaning against a cactus and taking a siesta on one side of the jar, and playing the guitar the opposite side. The jar lid is shaped like a large sombrero. This whimsical jar was filled with Men's Mexican Spice bath powder, or shaving cream. When emptied it was the perfect size to use as a cigarette holder, or if you did not smoke, a trinket jar.





Akro Agate Ribbed Powder Jar - (1940s)(Green Marbleized, Orange Marbleized, Brown Marbleized, White, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Green, Opaque Blues, Opaque Purple, Black, Transparent Blue, Transparent Green, Transparent Amber, Transparent Pink, Crystal)


      This pretty little jar with vertical ribs is found in most Akro colors. Like many other Akro jars, they were sold to another company to be used to package their products. Roger Hardy mentions in his book that he has seen one with an original gold foil label that says "Stephen Leeman Products" New York. This jar is rarely found in transparent colors.




Akro Agate "Sawtooth Star" Powder Jar - (1940s)(Opaque Yellow, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Blue)
      The Sawtooth Star Powder Jar features a vertical ribbed pattern on both the bottom and rim of the lid. The center of the jar has a stylized star design. These powder jars are very scarce, and have been found complete, only in yellow and various shades of pumpkin. Roger Hardy mentions a opaque blue bottom, but solid colors other than pumpkin or extremely rare.




Akro Agate Scotty Dog Powder Jar - (1940s)
    Akro Agate produced the No.649 Scotty Dog Powder Jars for "Lander Distributors". Scotty Dog powder jars are collected by both powder jar collectors and Scotty dog collectors. They are fairly easy to find in light blue, turquoise, white milk glass and opaque pink. However, be aware that many are damaged because the powder jar lids are top heavy and the Scotty's ears are easily chipped. Like with the Akro Colonial Lady jars, the blue colored jars did not always turn out the exact same shade. As a result, you can own 6 or 7 of the light to medium blue jars and they may all look somewhat different in color. Other colors are not as easily found. The Scotty dog powder jar has not been found in marbleized colors, but it has been found in a two tone color.




Akro Agate Ashtrays,Vases and other Miscellaneous Items
Akro Agate Ashtrays - (1930s/40s)
     One of Akro Agate's most collected items is ashtrays. Akro began production of ashtrays in the 1930s. They had about 40 different styles of ashtrays in an array of pretty bright colors. Advertising ashtrays are especially popular with collectors. Roger and Claudia Hardy wrote a book on Akro Agate called "The Complete Line of the Akro Agate Co. This book has an unbelievable section on ashtrays. The book is out of print but I recommend anyone collecting Akro ashtrays try to find a copy of this book.

Akro Agate No. 328 2-handle Basket - (1940s)(Opaque marbleized colors)
    Akro Agate produced the No. 328 2-handled basket in marbleized colors. Blue and white, green and white and orange and white are the colors that can be confirmed as Akro. The L. E. Smith Glass Company made this basket in transparent colors.







Akro Agate Bathroom Fixtures - (1930s)
     The Westite Company originally made the bath fixtures that are being attributed to Akro today. When the Westite plant burned the Akro Agate Company purchased all the molds. They kept the molds exactly the same. As a result, it is almost impossible to tell who made these fixtures when you find them, but both companies made these fixtures.





Akro Agate #725 Bell - (1940s)(Opaque Green, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Cobalt, Opaque yellow, Opaque Blues, Opaque White, Opaque Cream, Crystal and Transparent Pink
      Akro Agate produced bells for "Lander Distributors of New York. The bells had a cardboard bottom, (click the link at the left to see) that held one or more small perfume bottles inside. When the perfume was used you had a beautiful dinner bell to keep and use. In addition to the bell shown in this photo there was a "Fine-Ribbed" style (shown in our second photo). This bell has only been found in crystal and transparent green. Bells were also made overseas. These bells have been found in marbleized colors and transparent blue. Bells in these colors were not made at Akro.







Akro Agate No. 321 Utility Bowl - (1940s)(Opaque Yellow, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Blue)


      The Akro Agate No. 321 utility bowl is 7" in diameter and 2 5/8" high. This bowl may be found frequently in solid opaque and marbleized colors. Solid black and crystal bowls are unusual.



Akro Agate Candlesticks - (1930s)(Opaque Marbleized Colors, Opaque Green, Opaque Blues, Opaque Cobalt, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Ivory, Opaque White) 


     The Akro Agate Company made candlesticks in many different styles and shapes. The one shown to the left is called the tall ribbed candlestick. These candlesticks may be found in an array of colors. This style candlestick is not marked with the Akro logo. Akro ribbed candlesticks are not easily found and are avidly sought by collectors.



Akro Agate Cold Cream Jar - (1940s)
     Cold cream jars were a popular item in the 1940s and Akro made at least 4 different sizes. Unfortunately, they did not sell as well as expected and they are not easily found today. Jars will be found in solid opaque colors and in marbleized colors.






Akro Agate Demitasse Cups and Saucers - (1940s)
     Demitasse cups and saucers produced by Akro Agate can be found in two sizes. The smaller size cups are 2 1/8" tall and the saucers are 4 1/4" in diameter. This size set is usually found in marbleized colors. The larger size cups are 2 3/8" tall and the saucers are 4 5/8' in diameter. This style set is usually found in solid opaque colors.




Akro Agate AER-FLO Glass Fruit and Cake Knife - (1940s)(Opaque Yellow, Opaque Pumpkin, Opaque Blue)
     The AER-FLO Glass Fruit and Cake Knife may be my favorite Akro production. Forty years ago when we began our glass research I found my first glass knife. Of course that led to a full blown collection of knives. This knife is one of my favorites. The AER-FLO glass knife was produced by the Akro Agate company of West Virginia. It was made for The Kitchen Novelty Company of Atlantic City. This knife has been found in 5 different colors. Known colors include, pink, light green, amber, deep forest green, and crystal. These knives were also sold with hand-painted handles. Knives were sold in colored boxes that matched the knife inside. There were two style boxes that these knives were sold in. The crystal, amber, pink, and light green knives have been found in same colored boxes that have "GLASS FRUIT & CAKE KNIFE ALWAYS CLEAN AND SANITARY" In addition the right side of the box tops states " ACIDS OF FRUITS WILL NOT STAIN THIS KNIFE". The inside of these box bottoms have info on the company distributor and getting the knife re-sharpened. The forest green knife box (in our collection) came in a deep forest green colored box similar to the color of the knife. This box names this knife "The AER-FLO." The top of the box says "The AER-FLO GLASS FRUIT & CAKE KNIFE ALWAYS CLEAN AND SANITARY." The long side of the box sports the words " CUTS WITH EASE --- NO SHARPENING NEEDED." The price (which was "$1.00") is prominently displayed on both ends of these boxes. Perhaps the Forest Green knife was made at a different time or for a different company, although I have the amber knife in both style boxes. Crystal knives are the least desirable although they are not easily found. Green and pink knives are sought by collectors and are moderately hard to find. Amber knives are scarce, and Forest Green (or deep green) knives are rare. This knife style is shown and attributed to Akro Agate in Roger and Claudia Hardy's book " The Complete Line of the Akro Agate Company." He calls this knife the Grid Style, although "Grid" is a name that was actually attributed to a another knife with a grid style handle by glass knife collectors. Gene Florence calls this style knife the "AER-FLO" as found on the forest green colored knife box.


Akro Agate Lamps - (1930s)(Opaque Brown to Orange Marbleized, Opaque Green, Opaque Blue, Opaque Yellow, Opaque Ivory, Crystal, Some pieces may be found in Red or Blue Marbleized, but they are rare)
    Akro lamps were made in dozens of shapes, sizes, and configurations. There were wall lamps, bedroom lamps, and lamps for your living area. Lamp parts were sent to other companies who assembled them and sold them under their own name. Just because you find a lamp part used in one lamp, does not mean that you won't find that same part used in a different way on another lamp. Although Akro made many lamps, there are not many shades to be found. The style shown here is the only lamp shade that Akro Agate made for production, and even it is hard to find. It can only be found in plain ivory (we have owned one without marbling), and brown to orange marbleized. There was a crystal lamp with a crystal shade made for Akro employees one year, but it was never sold on the open market. As a result crystal lamp shades are rare.

Akro Agate Jean Vivaudou Co. Apothecary Jar - (1940s)

     Akro produced this pretty jar exclusively for the Jean Vivaudou Company of New York. It can be found in opaque pink, blues, and black. This jar came filled with powder or with potpourri. Many of Jean Vivaudou's jars are still found with their original hand painted decorations. The jar was pretty enough that most people used these covered containers on their dressers to refill with powder or trinkets.












Akro Agate Jean Vivaudou Co. Shaving Mug - (1940s)
     Akro Agate produced this pretty shaving mug for the Jean Vivaudou Company. The mug is only found in black milk glass. The mug is marked J.V. Co. on its base.

Akro Agate Vases and Planters - (1940s)
     Akro floral containers were a cornerstone for the Akro Agate Company. Planters, ivy bowls, garden dishes, jardinieres, flower pots, footed floral bowls, and small flower bowls were made in many different sizes and shapes. They were sold to florist shops, growers and also directly to the retail market. Akro used not only their designs but also their wide range of colors to make their floral containers a household name. Most homes from the 1930s through the 1950s had at least one Akro pot in use. These containers were beautiful and nothing like them is sold today. The quality of these everyday pieces has created an enormous collector market. The vases came in dozens of different styles. We don't show them all, but we have a page of floral containers that were made by Akro Agate. Please click the "See More" button to view them.

Akro Agate No. 658 Lily Vase - (1940s)
     Akro Agate No. 658 lily vases are 4 1/4" tall and have an oval base. They are most often found in marbleized colors, but will also be found occasionally in solid black or white. Akro Agate produced this adorable little urn-style vase for the Jean Vivaudou Company. Original labels found on some vases indicate they came filled with Orloff scents. After the potpourri was used the containers could be used as a small vase.